Directions: Now answer the questions.
1. Why does the woman go to see the professor?
A. To get advice on the topic of a term paper
B. To discuss different types of food packaging
C. To find out if the university will offer courses in food packaging
D. To ask about jobs in the food industry
2. Why does the professor mention his previous jobs?
A. To explain why the woman should study physics, math, and chemistry
B. To recommend that the woman get a summer job on a fishing boat
C. To point out that industry jobs can lead to a teaching career
D. To confirm an assumption the woman made about finding a job
3. The woman mentions a research study of milk packaging. What was the finding of the study?
A. Plastic containers may change the flavor of milk.
B. Light may negatively affect the quality of milk.
C. People prefer to buy milk In see-through containers.
D. paque containers are effective in protecting milk from bacteria.
4. What does the professor imply about the dairy in Chelsea?
A. It has plans to start bottling milk in opaque containers.
B. Some of its employees attended the university.
C. Employees there might be able to provide useful information.
D. He worked there before joining the university faculty.
5. Listen to Track 2.
A. She has read conflicting information.
B. She has been too busy to begin her research
C. The topic she is researching is too broad.
D. The information she needs is not available.
Listen to a conversation between a student and her professor.
Before we get started, I … I just wanted to say I’m glad you chose food science for your major course of study.
Yeah, it seems like a great industry to get involved with. I mean, with a four-year degree in food science, I’ll always be able to find a job.
You’re absolutely right. Eh, before entering academia, I worked as a scientist for several food manufacturers and for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. I even worked on a commercial fishing boat in Alaska a couple of summers while I was an undergraduate. We’d, we’d bring in the day’s catch to a floating processor boat, where the fish got
cleaned, packaged, and frozen—right at sea.
That’s amazing. As a matter of fact, I’m sort of interested in food packaging.
Well, for that, you’ll need a strong background in physics, math, and chemistry.
Those are my best subjects—for a long time I was leaning toward getting my degree in engineering.
Well, then you shouldn’t have a, a problem. And fortunately, at this university, the Department of Food Science offers a program in food packaging. Elsewhere, you might have to hammer courses together on your own.
I guess I lucked out, then! Urn, so since my appointment today’s to discuss my, my term paper topic … I wanted to ask, could I write about food packaging? I realize we’re supposed to research food-borne bacteria, but food packaging must play a role in all of that, right?
Absolutely. Maybe you should do some preliminary research on that…
I have! That’s the problem. I’m overwhelmed!
Well, in your reading, did anything interest you in particular, I, I mean something you’d like to investigate?
Well, I was surprised about the different types of packaging used for milk. Y’know, clear
plastic bottles, opaque bottles, cardboard containers …
True! In fact, the type of packaging has something to do with the way milk’s treated against bacteria.
Yeah, and I read a study that showed how light can give milk a funny flavor and decrease its nutritional value. And yet, most milk bottles are clear. What’s up with that?
Well, consumers like being able to visually examine the color of the milk. That might be one reason that opaque bottles haven’t really caught on. But that study ….m sure there’re more studies on the subject … uh, you shouldn’t base your paper on, on only one study.
Maybe I should write about those opaque plastic bottles … find out if there’s any scientific reasons they aren’t used more widely. Maybe opaque bottles aren’t as good at keeping bacteria from growing in milk after the bottle’s been opened or something. But where to begin researching this, I don’t.,
Y’know, there’s a dairy not far from here, in Chelsea. It was one of the first dairies to bottle milk in opaque plastic, but now they’re using clear plastic again … And they’re always very supportive of the university and our students, so if you wanted…
Hmm … Yeah, I like that idea.
Listen again to part of the conversation. Then answer the question.
Maybe you should do some preliminary research on that…
I have! That’s the problem. I’m overwhelmed!
What does the woman mean when she says this: